What are the 7 common symptoms of gastroenteritis? Causes and treatments

Gastroenteritis, commonly known as the stomach flu or a stomach bug, is a widespread gastrointestinal illness that affects people of all ages. This condition is characterized by inflammation of the stomach and intestines, leading to a range of unpleasant symptoms of gastritis. Let’s explore the seven common symptoms of gastritis, its causes, and effective gastrointestinal treatments.

Primary symptoms of gastritis

Gastroenteritis can manifest in various ways, but there are seven common symptoms that individuals typically experience, and if you are facing these cases as well, a top hospital in Patna should be where you go for gastrointestinal treatments.

Diarrhoea: One of the hallmark symptoms of gastroenteritis is diarrhoea. It is characterized by frequent, loose, and watery bowel movements. This occurs as a result of the inflammation of the intestines, which leads to impaired absorption of water and nutrients. Diarrhoea can cause dehydration and abdominal pain, thereby making it essential to stay well-hydrated by drinking clear fluids, such as water or oral rehydration solutions.

Nausea and Vomiting Nausea and vomiting often accompany gastritis. The inflammation of the stomach lining triggers a feeling of queasiness, and this can escalate to vomiting. This is the body’s natural response to eliminate the harmful pathogens causing the infection. Staying hydrated and consuming bland foods can help alleviate these symptoms. The best gastroenterologists would be well-suited to address these situations in an effective manner.

Abdominal Pain and Cramps: Gastroenteritis frequently causes abdominal pain and cramps. The inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract can lead to discomfort and aches in the abdomen. Over-the-counter pain relievers may provide some relief, but it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional before using any medication.

Fever: A low-grade fever is another common symptom of gastroenteritis. The body’s immune system responds to the infection by raising its temperature to combat the invading pathogens. Over-the-counter fever reducers can help manage the fever, but consulting a healthcare provider is advisable when it comes to gastrointestinal treatments.

Muscle Aches: Muscle aches can occur as secondary symptoms of gastritis. This is typically the result of the body’s immune response to the infection. Over-the-counter pain relievers may alleviate muscle aches and discomfort, thereby aiding with gastrointestinal treatments.

Causes of Gastroenteritis

Understanding the causes of gastroenteritis is crucial in preventing and managing this condition. Gastroenteritis is commonly caused by:

Viruses: Viruses are the most common culprits behind gastroenteritis. Rotavirus, norovirus, and adenovirus are some of the common viral infections that can lead to stomach flu, and the best gastroenterologists would test for contamination from these. These viruses are highly contagious and can spread through contaminated food, water, or direct person-to-person contact.

Bacteria: Bacterial infections such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli (E. coli), and Campylobacter can also lead to gastroenteritis. Contaminated food, especially undercooked meat or improperly handled poultry, is a common source of these bacterial infections.

Parasites: In rare cases, parasites like Giardia and Cryptosporidium can cause gastroenteritis. These infections are typically associated with drinking contaminated water or consuming contaminated food.

Toxins: Certain toxins produced by bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium perfringens, can lead to food poisoning and other symptoms of gastritis. These toxins are often present in improperly stored or reheated food.

Effective gastrointestinal treatments:

Managing gastroenteritis involves a combination of supportive care, lifestyle modifications, and medical treatments. Here are some treatments and strategies to tackle gastritis:

Hydration: Staying well-hydrated is paramount when dealing with gastroenteritis, especially because of the risk of dehydration from diarrhoea and vomiting. Clear fluids like water, oral rehydration solutions, and clear broths should be consumed frequently.

Rest: Rest is essential for allowing your body to recover from gastroenteritis. Avoid strenuous activities and get adequate sleep to help your immune system combat the infection.

Diet Modifications: During the acute phase of gastroenteritis, it’s advisable to follow a bland diet. Foods such as plain rice, applesauce, toast, and bananas (the BRAT diet) can help alleviate symptoms of gastritis. As symptoms improve, gradually reintroduce other easily digestible foods.

Medications: Over-the-counter medications can help manage certain symptoms. Anti-diarrheal medications like loperamide can be used with caution, but it’s important to consult a healthcare professional before taking any medications, especially for children or the elderly. Antibiotics may be necessary in cases of bacterial gastroenteritis, but they are not effective against viral infections.

Avoidance of Triggers: To prevent further complications and the spread of gastroenteritis, it’s crucial to avoid triggers such as contaminated food or water. Frequent handwashing, proper food handling and preparation, and vaccination (in the case of rotavirus) can help reduce the risk of contracting gastroenteritis and abdominal pain.

Seek Medical Attention: If symptoms are severe, or persistent, or if you or your loved one is at risk of dehydration (e.g., children, the elderly, or those with pre-existing health conditions), it’s important to seek medical attention promptly. A healthcare professional can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend the appropriate treatment plan.

Prevention: Prevention is always better than cure. Practicing good hygiene, including frequent handwashing, and avoiding contact with infected individuals can help prevent gastroenteritis. Vaccination, when available, can also be a preventative measure, especially for children. The best gastroenterologists would be able to help you out with the preventive measures you should practice in this case.


Gastroenteritis can be a distressing condition, but with proper care and treatment, most individuals recover fully within a few days to a week. Understanding the common symptoms, causes, and effective treatments for gastroenteritis is essential for managing this condition and preventing its spread. Remember to stay hydrated, get plenty of rest, and consult the best gastroenterologists if you have concerns about the severity of your symptoms of gastritis. By practising good hygiene and being mindful of food safety, you can reduce your risk of experiencing gastroenteritis and stay healthy.

Get in touch with a super-speciality hospital in Patna to keep Gastritis at bay.