Understanding Sinus: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options in Singapore

Sinusitis is a widespread health issue in Singapore, impacting many of its citizens. Due to its prevalence, comprehending the causes, symptoms, and sinus operation options available in Singapore is necessary to properly address this condition.

Discover what sinusitis is and explore the fundamental aspects surrounding this condition.

What is Sinusitis?

Sinusitis, also known as rhinosinusitis, is the inflammation of the nasal passages and sinuses. These hollow cavities, located around the nose, can become swollen and blocked due to various factors, leading to sinusitis.

Causes of Sinusitis

  1. Viral Infections: The common cold and flu viruses are the main culprits behind acute sinusitis. These infections cause inflammation in the nasal passages and sinuses, leading to congestion and discomfort.
  2. Bacterial Infections: In some cases, bacterial infections can develop following a viral infection or due to other factors such as allergies or structural issues in the sinuses.
  3. Allergies: Allergic reactions to substances like pollen, dust mites, pet dander, or certain foods can trigger inflammation in the nasal passages, leading to allergic sinusitis.
  4. Nasal Polyps: These noncancerous growths in the nasal passages or sinuses can obstruct airflow and drainage, contributing to chronic sinusitis.
  5. Structural Abnormalities: Deviated septum or narrow sinus openings can impede proper drainage and ventilation, raising the risk of sinusitis.

Symptoms of Sinusitis:

  1. Nasal Congestion: Difficulty breathing through the nose due to blockage or swelling of the nasal passages.
  2. Facial Pain or Pressure: Pain and pressure around the cheeks, eyes, forehead, or nose, often worsening with bending forward or lying down.
  3. Thick Nasal Discharge: Yellow or green discharge from the nose, indicating infection or inflammation.
  4. Reduced Sense of Smell and Taste: Inflammation in the nasal passages can impair the ability to smell and taste.
  5. Coughing: Postnasal drip, where mucus drips down the throat, can lead to coughing, especially at night.
  6. Fatigue: Sinusitis can cause fatigue and malaise due to disrupted sleep patterns and the body’s immune response.

Treatment Options for Sinusitis:

  1. Medications:
  • Decongestants: Over-the-counter or prescription decongestant nasal sprays or oral medications can reduce nasal congestion.
  • Antibiotics: In cases of bacterial sinusitis, antibiotics may be prescribed as a sinus treatment in Singapore to clear the infection.
  • Steroid Nasal Sprays: Corticosteroid nasal sprays can reduce inflammation and enhance symptoms.
  1. Nasal Irrigation:
  • Saline Solution: Rinsing the nasal passages with saline solution can clear mucus and relieve congestion.
  1. Allergy Management:
  • Avoidance: Identifying and avoiding allergens can help prevent sinusitis episodes.
  • Allergy Medications: Antihistamines or allergy shots may be recommended to manage allergic sinusitis.
  1. Sinus Surgery:
  • Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS): In cases of chronic or recurrent sinusitis unresponsive to other treatments, sinus surgery may be necessary. FESS is a procedure performed through the nostrils to remove blockages, enlarge sinus openings, and enhance drainage.
  • Balloon Sinuplasty: Another minimally invasive option, balloon sinuplasty involves inserting a small balloon into the sinus passages and inflating it to enlarge the openings.
  • Sinus Operation: Singapore offers surgical techniques and ENT specialists for sinus operations, ensuring desirable outcomes for patients with severe sinusitis.

Prevention Strategies

Sinus issues are prevalent in Singapore, so adopting preventive measures can reduce the risk of sinusitis:

  • Maintain proper nasal hygiene by regularly rinsing the nasal passages with saline solution.
  • Avoid environmental triggers such as smoke, pollution, and allergens.
  • Stay hydrated and maintain indoor humidity levels to prevent nasal dryness.
  • Practise proper hand hygiene to minimise the spread of viral infections, a common precursor to sinusitis.


Sinusitis presents considerable difficulties for individuals residing in Singapore, affecting their overall health and welfare. By comprehending the underlying causes, identifying symptoms, and exploring various treatment alternatives, patients can properly address sinusitis and enhance their overall quality of life. Thanks to developments in medical technology and sinus treatment approaches, people in Singapore can now have access to proper sinus care, guaranteeing favourable results and sustained alleviation from sinusitis symptoms.

Visit Aglow ENT Centre to breathe easier and conquer sinus issues once and for all.